Chapter One 文章开头句型
1-1 对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法, 适用于有争议性的主题.
. When asked about....., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ....... But I think/view a bit differently.
. When it comes to .... , some people bielive that ....... Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true . There is probably some truth in both arguements/statements , but (I tend to the profer/latter ...)
. Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that .... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....
1-2 现象法 引出要剖析的现象或者问题, 然后评论 .
. Recently the rise in problem of/(phenomenon of) ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.
. Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus. ( has been brouth to public attention)
.Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.
. Never history has the change of .. been as evident as ... Nowhere in the world/China has the issue/idea of .. benn more visible/popular than...
. Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginnig/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...
. Now there is a growing awareness/recognation ot the necessity to......Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ......
. Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that.......
1-4 引用法：先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法, 来引出文章要展开论述的观点!。
. "Knowledge is power." such is the remark made by Bacon.This remark has been shared by more and more people .
"Education is not complete with gradulation." Such is the opnion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opnion.
."........." How often we hear such statements/words like thoses /this .
In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as this "......".
1-5 比较法：通过对过去,现在 两种不同的倾向,观点的比较 , 引出文章要讨论的观点.。
. For years, ...had been viewed as ... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ... , people ....... .
. People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new.
1-6 故事法：先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣, 引出文章的主题.
. Once in (a newspaper) , I read of/learnt .... The phenemenon of ... has aroused public concern.
. I have a friend who ... Should he .... ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life.
. Once upon a time , there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now.
1-7 问题法：先用讨论或解答的设问, 引出自己观点, 适用于有争议性的话题.
Should/What ...... ? Options of ... vary greatly , some ..., others ...
But in my opinion , ...... .
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